US Republican presidential aspirants tackled the thorny issue of in-migration as they took portion in a argument on the chief United States Spanish-language television network.
The seven campaigners stuck with a house line on tackling illegal immigration, calling for hard-and-fast boundary line controls.
But in presence of an Latino audience, the tone of voice was less blatant than before.
The nominating race gets in less than a calendar month in Iowa. Florida, a cardinal state with a big Latino electorate, throws its primary election on 29 January.
The Republican debate, held at the University of Miami, followed the same formatting as one between Democrats held by the Univision web in September.
Spanish American VOTERS
15% of United States population
9% of 2008 electorate
6.5% likely to actually vote
57% of electors support or thin to Democrats
23% aligned with Republicans
Sizeable share of electorate in states put to be closely contested - New Mexico, Florida, Nevada, Colorado
Source: Pew Spanish American Center
Questions were translated for the campaigners and their English replies were translated back into Spanish.
The issues covered were those of involvement and importance to Latino voters, in peculiar immigration.
Correspondents state it was a challenge for Republicans to estrange neither their core base, which endorses a tough stance on illegal immigration, nor Latino voters, who generally have got more than understanding for immigrants.
A recent opinion poll conducted by the Pew Spanish American Centre suggested that Latino registered electors favor Democrats over Republicans by 57% to 23%.
Senator Toilet McCain, who supported failed efforts by President Saint George Tungsten Shrub to pass in-migration legislation, said the tone of voice adopted by some in the Republican Party had alienated Spanish American voters.
Isadora Duncan Hunter stressed his neckties to the Latino community
"I learned that Americans desire the boundary line secured first," he said. "That's what we'll do."
But the issue, he said, had to be addressed with compassionateness and love.
Former Bay State Governor Hand Romney and New York's former Mayor Rudy Giuliani, who clashed over in-migration during their former debate, both adopted a more than low-key tone.
"We're going to stop illegal in-migration to protect legal immigration," Mister Romney said.
"(Illegal immigration) is a state of affairs where none of us have got been perfect. All of us have got been struggling with this for a long time," Mister Giuliani said.
He called for "tamper proof" designation card game for immigrants.
Former Land Of Opportunity Governor Paddy Huckabee said illegal in-migration helped to fuel the choler directed at immigrants generally.
"When we do the boundary line secure, a batch of the sentiment travels away," he said.
The campaigners denounced Venezuelan President Victor Hugo Carlos Chavez and Cuban leader Fidel Castro, with lone Bokkos Alice Paul a dissentient voice.
Univision's ground tackles also posed inquiries about Iraq
"He's not the easiest individual to cover with," Mister Alice Paul said of Venezuela's leader. "But we should cover with everybody around the human race in the same way: with friendly relationship and chance to speak and seek to merchandise with people."
He also drew hoots from the audience when he called for improved neckties with Cuba.
All the candidates, except Sen McCain, had initially refused to go to the Univision debate, which was originally scheduled for September.
Tom Tancredo, well-known for his anti-immigration stance, was the lone campaigner to turn the web down a 2nd time.
Hispanics are the biggest minority grouping in the US. Estimates by the Pew Spanish American Center propose they will do up lone about 6.5% of those who actually turn out to vote adjacent November.
Their importance lies in the fact that important Latino electorates are establish in cardinal swing states, including Florida.